Glossary of Surgical Terms
Egg retrieval: The retrieval of eggs from the ovaries with a needle, which the physician guides through the vaginal wall with the aid of ultrasound.
Hysteroscopy: A diagnostic procedure in which a lighted scope is inserted through the cervix to enable the physician to view the inside of the uterus. It is used for the treatment and diagnosis of uterine adhesions, polyps, fibroids and septums.
Laparoscopy: The surgical visual examination of the pelvic organs (ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes) through the abdomen with the use of a laparoscope. It is used for the treatment and diagnosis of ovarian cysts, endometriosis, tubal disease, pelvic adhesions, fibroids, and ectopic pregnancies. Full visualization of the abdomen is achieved as well.
Laparoscope: A slender, tubular endoscope that is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall to examine or perform minor surgery within the abdominal or pelvic cavities.
Laparotomy: A surgical procedure in which an incision is made into the abdominal cavity to operate on the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.
Myomectomy: The surgical removal of a fibroid tumor (myoma) in the uterine mucular wall, leaving the uterus intact.
Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA): A sperm retrieval technique using needle aspiration.
Testicular sperm extraction (TESE): A sperm retireval technique using open extraction.
Tuboplasty: Reconstructive surgery on the fallopian tubes to correct abnormalities that cause infertility.
Varicocele ligation: A surgical procedure to correct a varicocele.
Varicocele: A collection of varicose veins in the scrotum that causes blood to flow in an abnormal direction. Elevated scrotal heat affects the quality of the sperm.
Vasal reconstruction: A surgical procedure to repair the vas deferens.
Vas deferens: The long tube which transports sperm from the testicles to the urethra.
Vasectomy reversal: The surgical repair of a previous vasectomy for a man who wants to regain his fertility.
Vasectomy: The surgical sterilization of a man by interrupting both vas deferens.